VIDYA is an acronym of Variable Index DYnamic Average. The VIDYA is an exponential moving average that automatically adjusts the smoothing weight based on the volatility of the data series. The more volatile the data is, the more weight is given to the more recent values. The VIDYA solves a problem with most moving averages. In times of low volatility, such as when the price is trending, the moving average time period should be shorter to be sensitive to the inevitable break in the trend. Whereas, in more volatile non-trending times, the moving average time period should be longer to filter out the choppiness.
The VIDYA is also known as the Variable Moving Average.
The VIDYA was developed by Tushar S. Chande and first presented in his March, 1992 article in Technical Analysis of Stocks & Commodities magazine, in which a standard deviation was used as the Volatility Index. In his October, 1995 article in the same magazine, Chande modified the VIDYA to use his own Chande Momentum Oscillator (CMO) as the Volatility Index.
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